Research essay: The British colonization of India

Published under category: Sample Academic Papers | 2015-06-02 01:03:45 UTC

Context: European foreign colonial policy

Research essay: The British colonization of India

Cartographic representation of Colonial India

A picture of British Colony of India

Imperial Britain was the greatest colonial power of the second millennium It is therefore apt to write dissertations or thesis papers on imperial Britain. Have such research assignments done for you by reliable custom assignment writing websites.

The colonization of India presents a history of a unique relation to the colonization of other countries under the British dominion. As early as the 1600s, the British had already created an interest in India with the development of the East India Company. The dominion and establishment of the rule in India were the first step towards realization of the country. However, the dominion of the British helped revolutionize a number of systems in India that reflect the changes the country has faced and translated to the current society. On the other hand, despite the strong governance that the country had established before the coming of the British, a number of reasons helped the British colony establish dominion in India. Therefore, this paper focuses on the factors that were of importance for the development of the dominion in India.

Colonization in different countries and kingdoms in the world was a result of a number of factors that were for the benefit of the colonizing countries. Dictated by the power of the country, countries sought to make colonies out of the many of those countries, which were not yet colonized. With the advantages that these colonies provided, countries sought to acquire many colonies for their advantage. Cheap labor, raw materials, and ready markets for products form a number of reasons for the acquisition of colonies in different parts of the world. Britain, for example, had an influence in many countries in Africa and the Asian continent. Among the colonies, India stands out with the pull factors that drove the British to gain dominion over the country. The first factor to consider in the British dominion in India is linked to the establishment of the British East India Company. The company had its operational bases in Bombay, Madras, and Calcutta where the Company could monitor the social and cultural practices of the people, a way of identifying with the communities and creating an impact on them. The Mughal Dynasty, which was the strongest dynasty in the 17th century, had the ruling power, which helped the country oppose the British influence. However, as the power of the dynasty faded, the East India Company troops under the leadership of Robert Clive attacked and overtook the power over the Indian provinces. The fall of the Mughal Dynasty provided a loophole for the British government through the East India Company to develop its dominion in the country. On the other hand, with the fall of the Mughal Dynasty, the influence that the company had created in Indian provinces helped the British government gain support for the different activities and programs that it had to create in India.

Secondly, the attack on the Mughal Dynasty opened a way for a change in leadership for the country. As the leading system of the country, the attack left the governance system of the dynasty unable to protect the country from external invaders. The initial role that the Mughal Dynasty played remained vacant and since the company had envied the governance role for a long time, it presented the leadership role that they would exploit for the benefit of the British government. India presented a market for the industries in the Britain and a continuous supply of raw materials for the development of the companies back in Britain. However, the differences that existed between the different leaders in the Mughal Dynasty gave the East India Company a flaw to use to their advantage. The British convinced a number of leaders to the side with them, weakening the governance system and making it easy to overturn and replace it with a new government system. With the industrial revolution, which was a wave of great changes back in Britain, the populations in India provided a ready market for the products manufactured in the companies. As the markets in India were still in the early stages of development, the injection of new products into these markets were a platform, which the companies could assess the quality of their products and generate extra amounts. The products from the Britain companies made ways into the markets of India and; as a result, helped the British government take over the economy of India. With the economy and the governance of the country in their power, the dominion of the country was easy to control.

Thirdly, the economy of India had not stabilized, and the market revenues were still run in the traditional systems. The economy of India was promising with the influx of raw materials that British could export back to Britain for the development of its new companies. With the full control of the Indian Ocean, the transportation of raw materials and other resources from India to Britain was cheap compared to if the companies were to ferry the resources with the help of other countries. Therefore, by changing the economies and the market trends, Britain was not only creating ground to increase revenues but also creating a new source for raw materials. The direct access to resources and raw materials from India and transferred to Britain cut on the costs of expenditure on acquisition and transportation, lessening the costs for acquisition. India was considered a great source for raw materials for production and processing countries that are the first of companies developed in Britain.

The governance system of India, which was still developing gave the British an opportunity to take over the governance. The Indian rulers were at cross hairs about the system of government and the system through which the country could be governed. Consequently, a number of leaders were constantly in dispute making the system even weak. Therefore, the British saw it as a tool they could use to infiltrate the country and exploit the resources for the development of its own economy and the industrial sector. On the other hand, mistrust among the Indian leaders led to the growth of trust in the British enforcement and systems of leadership. Therefore, the British got a strong support from the Indians who saw British leadership as the only solution for the issues in the country. With good systems in the education, leadership, and economic sectors, the leaders in India were of support to the influence of the British, thereby giving them reasons to establish their operations in India.

Indian traders relied much of their activities on the Indian Ocean, which was the only channel for the country to access a global market for the imports and the exports. The British government, on the other hand, had an influence in the Indian Ocean activities compared to other European countries giving them control of many activities in the Indian Ocean. With the constant supply of materials through the Indian Ocean, the British government would develop a constant supply of resources and at the same time keep watch of the activities in India as part of the colony.

Vasco Da Gama reached India in 1498

Vasco Dagama became the first European to reach India in 1498Different cultures in India existed in segregation sectors with less relation to one another. Each community with their governance ideas and systems overlooked the other communities. The multi-lingual society, which consisted of 15 languages and approximately 720 dialects created an opportunity for the British to gain support of different communities and turn against the others. The differences of these communities were a trigger to many projects that the British government sought to establish in India. The system of divide and rule worked well with the colonization of India as the support of a fragment of the society was enough to create a wide influence into the Indian communities. With the strife between two communities, the British, who were the neutral party, provided solution to the problems that the communities faced. With the support from the British, the communities viewed the help from the British as a third party, which would help them solve their problems. Consequently, with the support from the British, communities shifted their trust and ideals to support the British. Additionally, the communities found interest in adopting English as a common language and a unifying factor. Therefore, with the different communities united with a common language and common ideals, influencing the influence in India became easy for the British.

Lastly, with the establishment of an education system in India, which was monitored by the British the systems of leadership and garnering of support for the different ideals of the British, took ground among the Indians. The education system gained ground in the school systems owing to a change in the education system, which the British were influencing on the school systems. With time, there emerged elites among the Indian populations who backed the system of government the British were using to rule. The western education influenced the rise of human rights activists, freedom of speech, liberalism, and associations that sought to revolutionize the systems in the societies as opposed to the imperialism in the societies before the coming of the British. The rise of new leaders in the political scenes supported the changes in the governance system to revolutionize the governance system.

In conclusion, the colonization of India by the British follows the loopholes within the societies that the British saw of potential to their advantage. The multi-lingual segregated societies gave a direct influence that the British government could use to turn different societies and leaders in the governing system against each other. However, the education system that was introduced into the societies helped create a wide influence with the rise of intellects that had idea of the British system of government and social systems. However, the influence of the British in India brought with it the changes in economic trends, government systems, education, and idealism, which revolutionized the social groups in India and led to the independence of the country. Moreover, the British helped the Indian economy create an industrial system of manufacturing and changes in the industry and companies. The development and stabilization of the textile industries, ornaments production, and technology gained grounds as an influence from the British government.

 

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